Cerebral palsy in neurological terms defined as a condition marked by impaired muscle coordination, like spastic paralysis and/or other disabilities, which are typically caused by damage to the brain before or at birth. Cerebral palsy is caused by traumatic injury to a developing brain, which can affects different the parts of the brain which are responsible for motor control, coordination and balance causes different types of cerebral palsy.
There could be wide variation of signs and symptoms between patient to patients but some of the common signs includes exaggerated reflexes, floppy or rigid limbs and involuntary motions, which mostly appear by early childhood. Along with difficulty swallowing, drooling, epilepsy, leaking of urine, limping, paralysis, physical deformity, scissor gait, seizures, spastic gait, stiffness, or tremor. Some clear developmental like failure to thrive, learning disability, low birth weight, slow growth, or speech delay in a child along with speech disorder or stuttering. There are also some physical effects like abnormality walking, difficulty walking, difficulty with bodily movements, increased muscle activity, involuntary movements, muscle rigidity, muscle weakness, permanent shortening of muscle, poor coordination, problems with coordination, rhythmic muscle spasm, stiff muscles, muscle spasms, overactive reflexes, or paralysis of one side of the body.
Causes: though it takes proper neurological testes to confirm the causes and still factors can still vary, but some of the common causes like:
Infections during pregnancy: Indeed the pregnancy time it intricate time and mothers can pass infections to the foetus during pregnancy and such prenatal infections are most dangerous in the first few weeks after conception. Most frequent infections like German measles (rubella) and cytomegalovirus (CMV) during pregnancy are likely to causes of cerebral palsy. Such viruses cause the mother’s immune system to secrete proteins that not only attack the infection, but also cause inflammation in the baby’s brain that interferes with normal development.
Infections after birth: Other infections like meningitis, can contracted by newborns can cause brain damage and infections as such causes severe inflammation that can damage the motor control center of the brain.
Jaundice: When a newborn has a yellow color to their skin and/or eyes, it is known as jaundice, which is caused by excess bilirubin, a chemical pigment that is normally filtered out by the liver. The newborns are likely to experience mild jaundice before their livers fully develop.
Asphyxiation: In medical terms it is a lack of oxygen reaching the brain that can cause severe brain damage, to a baby during birth. Factually the early detachment of the placenta, a ruptured uterus during birth or the umbilical cord getting pinched which slows blood flow that eventually causes oxygen deprivation. Even in general situations, choking on an object or a near-drowning experience can also cause asphyxiation that leads to cerebral palsy.
Injuries during or after birth: even a blunt trauma to the infant or toddler brain can cause cerebral palsy and even such injuries may occur during labor or delivery or within the first several years of life.
Brain hemorrhage before birth: The brain hemorrhage is abnormal bleeding of the brain caused by a ruptured blood vessel, which can cause serious damage to the motor control centers in the brain and eventually cerebral palsy.
In genetics: Most of the neurological alignments are linked to this element and cerebral-palsy is not an exception. There has been some speculation and research to suggest that a minute proportion of cerebral palsy cases are hereditary.
Stephan Lucas, PhD., is a medical health expert having a wide knowledge on generic medicines, assisting individual to understand the mechanisms of it. He is a writer with 5 years of writing experience specialized in health blogs and articles. Works as health consultant in dealpharmarx which is an online pharmacy providing effective generic medicines at affordable cost globally.This author has published 1 articles so far.